Until recently for many B2B sales teams, not having enough sales capacity wasn’t a problem as you would just hire ahead of the expected growth ‘growth at all costs’. This was inefficient as it meant bringing costs into the business and lowering your sales productivity (yield per rep per unit of time) and return on investment (ROI). Now with the shift to efficiency and profit adjusting to the new normal of sustainable growth has been painful. So how do you know whether you have enough sales capacity to ensure you hit your numbers, while avoiding over or under hiring or being forced to make uncomfortable cuts?
Now we can use what we learned to go even deeper and look at how you can build and tune your sales capacity plan with precision and confidence to know what investments and adjustments to make to your sales organization and when you need to make them.
Read on to learn more about how to measure and predict your sales capacity and build revenue efficient capacity plans.
Understanding sales capacity
The fundamental question we’re asking when we start to look at sales capacity and build annual capacity plans is: What does the sales organization need to look like to ensure we hit our numbers for the upcoming year?
In the past, I’ve had a very simplified way to figure out what quotas should be for the sales organization. I’d look at what the sales target was that we were given by finance, how many sales people did we have, divide one by the other and that’s what the quotas needed to be. Fundamentally that’s what we’d need each salesperson to produce to hit the number, ignoring any over assignment that would be applied.
The struggle with this approach, was figuring out how many salespeople we needed to hire in addition to the existing team and when we needed to hire them. And so, over the years, I developed many custom spreadsheet models to help me figure this out.
Defining sales capacity
Let’s get a bit more specific and define what we mean by sales capacity. In simple terms, sales capacity is a prediction of a sales team’s ability to deliver on revenue based on available/expected head count and productivity.
What’s really important here is that you need to be able to accurately predict what the current sales team is capable of delivering today and in the future. And then if you add people to the team or remove them, or add strategic initiatives, what impact does that have on what the team can deliver and how does that measure up to the plan for the year?
Why sales capacity is so important
Simply put, predicting your sales capacity enables tactical and strategic planning. You can start to look at your planned hiring, investment and improvement initiatives and start to predict and simulate the impact of these on your future capacity.
I remember back when I was running sales operations at Websense (now Forcepoint), every year I was told that sales productivity needed to go up by 10% with no additional funding. It’s interesting when you start to look at that to see where you’re going to find that 10%.
Maybe you’ll get some lift in productivity from a new enablement program. Maybe you’re rolling out a new engagement platform or forecasting platform that will give you some more lift. You start to allocate 2% here, 2% there and so forth . But this was really hard to model, especially in spreadsheets and these allocations were really only guesses rather than precise, data-driven predictions.
Those times have changed, we need to be far more precise and align to the strategic initiatives that are going to drive these types of productivity improvements. To do this, you need to use bottoms up operational data points to be very clear and confident about predicting where you’re going to see those lifts. And once you’ve done that, you need to measure the lift against these predictions so that you can course correct if they diverge.
How to build an accurate sales capacity plan
So now that we understand exactly what sales capacity is and why it’s so important, let’s take a look at how to build an accurate sales capacity plan.
The below figure is from a recent Gartner research paper that gives a good view of all the high-level factors that can influence sales capacity and which can be used as inputs to build a sales capacity plan. We’ll cover these and other inputs in more detail below.
Why Sales Capacity Matters. Gartner, 2020.
Weighted sales headcount
First, you need to look at how many salespeople in full-time equivalent (FTE) terms are actually able to sell in each dimension (ie. regions, market segments, types of business, product lines, etc.) of your sales organization.
Let’s break this down into more detailed inputs including some not shown in the figure above, as each can be important to ensuring a high level of accuracy.
1. Time to hire
2. Ramp time
4. Additional inputs
Average sales productivity
I recently wrote an in depth post on how to accurately measure sales performance. In it I describe why sales productivity is the most accurate and objective way to measure performance and include an advanced formula on how to measure productivity the right way.
If you’re interested in seeing details of the advanced formula for measuring productivity, I’d encourage you to read the previous post here.
Below we’ll take a high-level look at some direct inputs internal to sales that can affect sales productivity.
1. Sales coverage
2. Sales enablement
3. Sales execution
Now let’s take a look at some of the inputs external to sales that can influence average sales productivity and team capacity.
Real world illustration: How ramp time can affect sales capacity
Now we’ll use one of these more detailed inputs, ramp time, to illustrate how much they can affect your predicted sales capacity.
Let’s say you can improve ramp time for a new salesperson from 90 to 85 days. A 5 day improvement doesn’t seem like a big difference, but let’s say you hire 5 people over the course of a year. Now your improvement is 25 days. That’s more than a month of additional selling that you could have done.
If we apply that to a larger sales organization, who might hire 50 new people over the course of a year, that’s 250 extra days of selling.
Going back to my time running sales enablement at Sage, we had 2,500+ sales people and a lot of people coming and going in multiple regions. We needed to onboard a large number of salespeople each year who were selling in the high velocity and Mid-Market segments, and through a completely redesigned onboarding program that focused on High Performance Learning Journeys , we reduced the time to average productivity from 155 days to 92 days and when you multiply those days saved by 150+ reps each year, it’s a significant lift in sales productivity for the company.
Sales capacity plans are only as accurate as the inputs you provide them
Companies invest so much time and money in finding and hiring the right people and getting them onboarded and enabled. The programs we ran at Sage, Citrix, Aruba Networks and even Websense in the early 2000s were extensive and the teams, tools and content behind delivering them were a big investment.
When you’re making investments like these, why do we think it’s okay to just guess that ramp times are “about 3 months” or we will see a 5%+ lift for a particular strategic initative? At Lative, we don’t think that’s good enough, we believe you need to know what ramp times are right down to the number of days and exactly what the productivity lift will mean in dollars for each sales person.
What may seem to be small improvements or setbacks can really start to add up and become meaningful. They can be the difference between hitting or missing your number. When you’re able to track these inputs more accurately, you will get your capacity plans right and hit your numbers more consistently.
It always happened to me in the past that at the end of the second quarter we had a gap and I could not figure out why as we thought we had done everything right in the planning phase. The problem was we were not accurately predicting the impact of new hires and the strategic initiaitives and once we started doing this correctly, we were able to create far more accurate capacity plans.
Insights from accurately predicting sales capacity
So now that you know how to predict sales capacity with high accuracy, let’s review some of the key insights and benefits you gain.
1. Aids investment, hiring and coverage model planning
2. Predict potential divergences from the plan
3. Helps set realistic guard rails for quotas
4. Helps to validate forecasts
Top ways to ensure you have enough sales capacity to hit your targets
With better visibility into your sales capacity, you can start to make more confident decisions in the investments and adjustments you need to make to ensure that you hit your targets.
1. Hire sales people in the right places at the right times
“85% of sales leaders say they struggle to get the budget for needed headcount”
State of Sales Report. Salesforce, 2022.
2. Invest in enablement and onboarding
3. Increase productivity through initiatives
Optimize the horsepower of your revenue engine
Sales capacity planning shouldn’t be a once-a-year exercise. It’s something you should be doing regularly throughout the year, as businesses move too fast now. Continuous Planning helps you to continuously calibrate your revenue engine’s output so that it has enough horsepower to hit your sales targets without breaking the bank.
As someone who has been leading revenue operations teams for over 20 years, I know just how hard this can be. That’s why my co-founder Laura and I started Lative. Lative automates the hard parts of this process so that you have an always on, accurate real-time view of the performance, efficiency and capacity of your sales team. It shows you what’s happening in your revenue engine so that you can focus on understanding why and deciding what to do about it.
To learn more, request a demo, contact us or install a free 30-day trial from the Salesforce AppExchange today. We’d love to hear from you!